RSS    

 :

2-

.

. :

+

H-O-H

+ H2O H2O +

RCH=CH2 + H+ RCHCH3 R-CH-CH3 RCHCH3 + H3O

OH

300-350 C :

OH

300-350 C

CH3CH=CH2 + H2O CH3CHCH3

Al2O3 -2

- .

. (BH3)2 , . H2O2

6RCH=CH2 + (BH3)2 2(RCH2CH2)3B 6 RCH2CH2OH + 2B(OH)3

OH- -

, , , - .

- BH3 (), BH3.

H H H H

H:B B B

H H H H

BH3 , , - . , OH-.

H2O2 OH-

C=C + H-B - C-C- -C-C-

H B H OH


H-B = H-BH2, H-BR2

, - H-OH - .

CH3 CH3

(BH3)3 H2O2, OH-

CH3 -C- CH3 =CH2 CH3 -C-CH2-CH2OH

CH3 CH3

3,3--1 3,3--1

()

. , (, , ), , , , .

- : , ; .

( ).

RMgX ( R: ; X: Cl, Br, I) Rli . . , :

O +

RMgX + H-C RCH2O-MgX

H H2O

RCH2OH

O + H+

RLi + H-C RCH2O-Li

H

O R

RMgX + RC CHO-Mg+X

H R H2O R

CH-OH

O H+ R

RLi + RC CHO-Li+ 򠠠

H

(RH)

R R

RMgX + C=O R- CO-Mg+X

R R H2O R

R- C-OH

R R H+ R

RLi + C=O R- CO-Li+

R R

:

O

CH3CH2MgBr + H-C CH3CH2CH2OH

䠠 H -1

( )

OH

O

CH3CH2MgI + CH3C CH3CH2CHCH3

H -2

( )

O OH

CH3MgCl + CH3CCH3 CH3CCH3

CH3

- 2--2

䠠 ( )

- , . , , - . - .


Cd+=Od-

H2O

-C-OMgX - C- OH + Mg(OH)X

R: MgX

d- d+ R R H+

: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7


:

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