RSS    

 :

:

(OH). .

.

ROH, R - . , ; , ; , , :

CH3

OH

CH3-C-CH3 H2C=CH-CH2OH

򠠠

OH

-

CH2OH CH2 -CH2 CH2-CH-CH2

Cl OH OH OH OH

򠠠

(b- )

(-OH), , . R , , .

.

.

, , ( ). , .

H R R


R-C-OH R-C-OH R-C-OH


H H H

頠 頠

.

IUPAC , . . . , OH-. , (), () () , .

, , CH3OH . , , , CH3OH, :

OH OH

CH3 CH2OH CH3 CH CH3 CH3 C CH2CH3

렠 렠

CH3

() , (. ).

.

. -OH .

C5H11OH=C5H12O :

OH OH


CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2OH CH3CHCH2CH2CH3 CH3CH2CHCH2CH3

-1 -2 -3

CH3 CH3 OH CH3 CH3


CH3CCH2CH3 CH3CHCHCH3 CH3CHCH2CH2OH CH3CH2CHCH2OH


OH

2--2 3--2 3--1 2--1

.

. - .

..,C ..,C

/100

H2O

IUPAC

CH3OH

CH3CH2OH

CH3CH2CH2OH

CH3CH(OH)CH3

CH3(CH2)2CH2OH

(CH3)2CHCH2OH

CH3CH(OH)CH2CH3

(CH3)3COH

CH3 (CH2)3CH2OH

CH3 (CH2)4CH2OH

CH3(CH2)5CH2OH

CH3(CH2)6CH2OH

CH3 (CH2)12CH2OH

-1

-2

-1

2--1

-2

2--2

-1

-1

-1

-1

-1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-97

-115

-126

-86

-90

-108

-114

26

-79

-52

-34

-15

38

65

78

97

83

118

108

100

83

138

157

176

195

-

¥

¥

¥

¥

7,9

10,2

12,5

2,3

0,6

0,2

0,05

-

. , , , . OH- , :

R R R R

H-O H-O H-O H-O

. 5 / (20,93*103 /).[ 50-100 / (209,34*103 - 418,68*103 /)].

- :

R

R H O H

H-O H-O H O

R

( ). , ( ).

.

.

, ࠠ . ٸ , :

RX + H-OH R-OH + HX

X:Cl, Br, I; :

CH3Br + HOH NaOH CH3OH + NaBr + H2O

SN2 SN1 . :

RI > RBr > RCl >> RF

, .

, , , ( ):

OH


CH3CHCH3

-2

NaOH

CH3CHCH3

H2O

Cl CH3 CH=CH2

: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7


:

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